It is known that prevention is better than cure – this commonly known truth underlies the pedodontics – the child dentistry – whose primary task is prevention. Pedodontics focuses on preventing problems that can occur in the child’s mouth. The most important preventive treatments in this field are:
- varnishing – the teeth of small patients are coated with a special fluoride-releasing substance – an element stimulating formation of bone tissue – directly to the dental tissue over a longer period of time. Due to the fact that the preparation works for several hours, one-time application does not solve the problem, therefore this activity should be repeated regularly. This type of solution is very safe, because fluoride, whose impact on the rest of the body may not be indifferent to health, in this case it penetrates only to the tooth tissue without interfering with other organs.
- sealing – consists in filling natural furrows located on the surface of healthy permanent and milk teeth with a sealer – so-called sealing wax. In this case, haste is indicated – in order to effectively prevent caries, the procedure should be performed as soon as possible after tooth decay to anticipate a bacterial infection.
Pedodontics, however, is not limited to prevention. It happens that despite proper dental care, lesions appear in the oral cavity of the child. If we notice white spots on our child’s teeth, they are most likely a symptom of enamel demineralization, and this already requires specialist intervention and proper treatment.
Although modern dental techniques are less and less invasive, and new technologies can reduce the unpleasant sensations associated with therapy to a minimum, a visit to the dentist can be really stressful for a small patient. In order to tame the child with the atmosphere of the office and the necessity of medical intervention, it is worth taking them to the pedodontus for an adaptation visit, during which the child will be able to ask about the purpose of specialized equipment in practice and in the presence of parents go through a painless examination or fluoridation treatment. Fear of the unknown is usually worse than the pain itself, so early contact with anxious environments usually helps the child reduce stress during a proper visit.
The procedure associated with the treatment of the youngest patients is basically no different from that for adults, except that children almost always use anaesthesia using a special carpoule in place of a traditional needle. A children’s dentist cleans a carious cavity, then he bores a tooth with a drill, and then puts a primer into the bottom of the cavity, thanks to which the dental pulp is isolated from the seal. The dentist now adjusts the shade of the fill to the colour of the tooth, and it remains to check whether the shape of the filling is adapted to the bite of a small patient.